Birth registration doubled between NFHS-3 and NFHS-4

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The enactment of the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969 was an important landmark act, which made the registration of births, deaths compulsory across the country. But only 41 per cent births were being registered up until NFHS-3. Birth registration among children under age five years doubled between NFHS-3 and NFHS-4 from 41 per cent to 80 per cent birth registrations in 2015-2016. 

Half of Indian households now use an improved sanitation facility

About half of Indian households (48%) use improved toilet facilities according to latest data from NHFS-4. But thirty-nine percent of households still practice open defecation as they do not have access any toilet facility. The remaining use a shared facility. Although, according to NFHS-4 data the percentage of households practicing open defecation decreased from 55 percent in 2005-06 to 39 percent in 2015-16. 

 
  •   DATA

  • INSIGHT 

  •   ANALYSIS

  • VISUALIZATION 

[Health] equity is one of the biggest concerns today

[Health] equity is one of the biggest concerns today

By : The George Institute

Meet Dr. Devaki Nambiar, new Program Head for Health Systems and Equity at the prestigious George Institute for Global Health. In an interview, she says the institute’s future goals will be convening and participating in trans-disciplinary partnerships. 

Data indicates growing burden of lifestyle diseases

Data indicates growing burden of lifestyle diseases

By : Jisha Krishnan

Communicable diseases like malaria and AIDS now kill few people than non-communicable diseases (NCD) like heart diseases, strokes, respiratory ailments and diabetes. The shift from communicable to NCD's is worrisome and poses a new challenge for healthcare providers.

 

Why NHFS-4 is most inclusive data source

Why NHFS-4 is most inclusive data source

By : Nabeela Khan Inayati

Data from the recent National Family Health Survey reveals improvements in many key health indicators but it also points towards severe health challenges such as nine out of the 11 states surveyed have not been able to reduce the rate of Infant Mortality even by two points annually. 

 

Decoding genome of HIV variant found in India

Decoding genome of HIV variant found in India

By : Sarah Iqbal

HIV continues to engage scientists because of its complex nature. A team of scientists from India, UK and Spain have isolated near full genomes of HIV virus. As HIV exhibits huge genetic diversity, the virus undergoes frequent genomic changes.

Virtual psychiatrist’ ​and mental disorders

Virtual psychiatrist’ ​and mental disorders

By : Dinesh C Sharma

India has a shortage of psychiatrists, because of which mental illness remains undiagnosed. A ‘virtual psychiatrist’ tool developed by Indian researchers can help address the problem. It has been found that it can be as effective as diagnosis by specialists.

What does data journalism look like today?

 What does data journalism look like today?

By : Simon Rogers

The world moves fast and so does the news. So when you mix journalism with maybe the fastest moving space-  technology- things change even faster. At a time when the very notions of truth, lies & facts are under attack, data journalism can provide a guide to the mysteries of the daily news cycle.

A new diagnostic test on cards for prostate cancer

A new diagnostic test on cards for prostate cancer

By : Dr. Shikha T. Malik

Prostate cancer is the second most frequently diagnosed cancer in men worldwide. Now a  group of Indian scientists have identified a diagnostic marker for prostate cancer that may differentiate between cancerous & noncancerous prostate enlargement.  

 

Gujarat far behind on health indices

Gujarat far behind on health indices

By : OOMMEN C. KURIAN

Official data shows that coverage indicators like immunisation are a concern for a long time for Gujarat. It has shown an extremely worrying worsening trend in the state. Acc to data, Gujarat was one of the few states in India where full vaccination coverage declined since NFHS-2.

Healthy habits can ease genetic heart disease risk

Healthy habits can ease genetic heart disease risk

By : Dinesh C Sharma

Unhealthy lifestyle can easily trigger diabetes and heart disease among people genetically predisposed to them. A study has found that people who are genetically more prone to diabetes and heart diseases can reduce their risk with lifestyle modification. 

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What makes Delhi's air so poisonous?

Air pollution has made Delhi infamous across the world. Delhi-NCR has almost become a gas chamber and the onset of winter witnesses worst air pollution levels. We tend to accuse the farmers for burning stubble in bordering states but there are other sources of toxic air within Delhi according to a study by IIT-Kanpur. Road dust and vehicle pollution are the top two contributors to poor air-quality levels according to the study. 

Can institutional deliveries reduce deaths?

Proportion of women giving birth in health institutions has increased sharply in India but let us analyse how far has it impacted in bringing down infant mortality rates.According to NFHS-3, infant mortality rate was 57 at a time when institutional birth delivery rate was just 38%. With efforts, institutional delivery rate increased to 71% during NHFS-4 which is a little less than double (of NHFS-3). However, infant mortality rate decreased by 16% only. 

India has a growing obesity problem

India has the largest number of underweight people but it has seen a surge in overweight people as well over the past decade. In fact, India’s women are more likely to be obese than their male counterparts according to research. Obesity is associated with risks of early heart diseases. Punjab houses maximum obese women whereas Jharkhand and Chattisgarh has small percentage figures according to latest data. 

Stillbirths haunts the world's poor

The world has made huge progress in reducing child mortality during the past decade – nearly halved from 12 million to 6.6 million. Yet, developing nations continue to suffer. Pakistan, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Afghanistan and Bangladesh are the top ten countries with highest rate of stillbirths and neonatal deaths on day of birth (per 1,000 total births). According to various studies, 98% of stillbirths occur in low- and middle-income countries.

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